An echocardiogram is a non-invasive medical test that uses high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to produce images of the heart. The test provides information about the heart’s size, structure, and function, including the motion of the heart’s walls, the pumping ability of the heart, and the size and position of the heart chambers and valves. Echocardiography can help diagnose heart conditions such as valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, and pericardial disease, and can also be used to monitor the effectiveness of treatments for heart conditions. There are several types of echocardiograms including a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE), and stress echocardiogram.
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