Genetic diseases are disorders caused by abnormalities in an individual’s genetic makeup. They result from changes in the DNA sequence, often inherited from parents or occurring spontaneously. These diseases can range from single-gene mutations, like cystic fibrosis, to complex conditions influenced by multiple genes and environmental factors, such as diabetes or certain types of cancer.
The severity and manifestation of genetic diseases can vary widely, impacting different bodily systems and functions. Advances in genetic research have contributed significantly to understanding, diagnosing, and potentially treating these conditions, offering hope for improved management and potential cures.« Back to Glossary Index