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Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, intense, and debilitating headaches, often accompanied by various other symptoms. These headaches typically last for several hours to several days and can significantly impact a person’s daily life. Migraines affect about 15% of the global population, with women being more prone to experiencing them than men.


Key Features of Migraines:

  • Headache: The primary symptom of a migraine is a severe headache, usually on one side of the head, pulsating or throbbing in nature. The pain can worsen with physical activity and may be aggravated by light or noise.
  • Aura: Some individuals experience an “aura” before or during a migraine attack. An aura refers to temporary sensory disturbances, such as visual disturbances (flashing lights, blind spots) or tingling sensations in the limbs.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Nausea and vomiting are common accompanying symptoms of migraines, making it challenging for sufferers to tolerate food or medications.
  • Sensitivity to Stimuli: People with migraines often become sensitive to light, sound, and smells during an attack, seeking a quiet and dark environment for relief.
  • Triggers: Migraines can be triggered by various factors, including stress, hormonal changes, certain foods (such as aged cheeses, chocolate, or caffeine), lack of sleep, and environmental factors.
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