Oncology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and research of cancer. It encompasses various medical disciplines, including medical oncology (treating cancer with medications), surgical oncology (performing cancer surgery), radiation oncology (using radiation therapy to treat cancer), and other specialized fields dedicated to the study and management of cancer.
Oncology is a critical medical specialty that plays a vital role in the fight against cancer, a complex group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Oncologists are healthcare professionals who specialize in oncology and work collaboratively to provide comprehensive care to cancer patients. This care may involve chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, surgery, and palliative care, depending on the type and stage of cancer.
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