Radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the prostate gland, as well as some surrounding tissue. It is typically used to treat prostate cancer that has not spread beyond the prostate gland. There are several different approaches to radical prostatectomy, including open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and robot-assisted surgery.
In an open radical prostatectomy, the surgeon makes an incision in the lower abdomen to access the prostate gland. In a laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, the surgeon makes several small incisions and uses a laparoscope (a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end) to view the prostate gland and remove it. In a robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, the surgeon uses a computer-controlled robot to perform the surgery through small incisions.
Radical prostatectomy can be an effective treatment for prostate cancer, but it can also have significant side effects, including urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of the procedure with a healthcare provider before deciding if it is the right treatment option.« Back to Glossary Index