Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

« Back to Glossary Index

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, commonly abbreviated as GERD, refers to a chronic condition where stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, leading to irritation and potential complications. This backward movement occurs due to a weakened or dysfunctional lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the muscular ring between the esophagus and the stomach that usually acts as a barrier to prevent such reflux.

Learn More About GERD Medical Device Reviews

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Symptoms:

GERD often manifests through symptoms like heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest that might worsen after eating, lying down, or bending over. Other symptoms include regurgitation of acidic contents, difficulty swallowing, chronic cough, hoarseness, and sometimes chest pain.

Causes:

Various factors contribute to GERD, including obesity, hiatal hernia, certain medications, smoking, and certain foods and beverages. Pregnancy can also increase the risk due to pressure on the abdomen.

Complications:

If left untreated, GERD can lead to complications such as esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus), esophageal strictures (narrowing of the esophagus), Barrett’s esophagus (changes in the lining of the esophagus that could lead to cancer), and respiratory problems due to acid reflux irritating the lungs.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Diagnosis involves a combination of medical history, symptoms evaluation, and sometimes diagnostic tests like endoscopy, pH monitoring, or X-rays. Treatment typically includes lifestyle modifications (such as dietary changes, weight management, and avoiding triggers), medications to reduce acid production or neutralize stomach acid, and in severe cases, surgery to reinforce the LES or correct anatomical issues.

« Back to Glossary Index

Related Medical Device Reviews

HIV/AIDS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are significant global health issues that have impacted millions of lives since the early 1980s. While

Read More »

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the liver. The liver is a vital organ responsible for various essential functions, including detoxifying harmful

Read More »

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins located around the anus or in the lower rectum. They are a common issue that affects millions

Read More »

“Educate yourself. Be Prepared. Avoid Stress”.

Patient9 helps you choose which medical device is best for you.

Welcome to Patient9 medical device review – recommended website for patients. With specific information and tools created for patients and caregivers, you can get educated, reduce stress, and learn what to expect.

Scroll to Top